- HYGO Framework:
Thirty-six (36) countries in the Asia-Pacific region submitted reports for the 2011-2013 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) review. This is a 25% increase in submissions; with 9 more countries reporting in the current HFA review cycle compared to the 2009-2011 cycle (see Table 1). In addition, Inter-Governmental Organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Applied Geoscience and Technology Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPCSOPAC) submitted reports that assess subregional progress in implementing HFA, with a specific focus on trans-boundary risks.
- Sendia framework:
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 was adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, held from 14 to 18 March 2015 in Sendai, Miyagi, Japan, which represented a unique opportunity for countries: (a) To adopt a concise, focused, forward-looking and action-oriented post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (b) To complete the assessment and review of the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters;1 (c) To consider the experience gained through the regional and national strategies/ institutions and plans for disaster risk reduction and their recommendations, as well as relevant regional agreements for the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action; (d) To identify modalities of cooperation based on commitments to implement a post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (e) To determine modalities for the periodic review of the implementation of a post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.
Road Map for implementation of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030 in Afghanistan
Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards, including earthquakes, floods, flash-flood, landslides, avalanches and drought. Within low-income countries, Afghanistan takes the second place, only surpassed by Haiti, in number of fatalities for natural disaster between 1980 to 2015. For every 1 million inhabitants 1,150 people die in Afghanistan, 50% fatalities from geophysical and weather related events.
Climate Change also poses a threat to Afghanistan’s natural resources of which the majority of Afghans depends for their livelihoods. Afghanistan faces significant impacts of climate change and disasters which will impact growth prospect. The country’s low level of socio-economic development makes it extremely vulnerable to disasters, resulting in frequent loss of lives, livelihoods and public-private property. Several factors have contributed to Afghanistan’s vulnerability to disasters. Decades of conflicts have underpinned the country’s coping mechanism and protective capacity,
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