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IDP Policy

  1. Introduction 1.1 Background and Process In accordance with the decision of H.E. President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai and of the Cabinet, the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) was tasked with developing this National IDP Policy. The Policy was developed through a process of broad consultations led by the MoRR. The process was supported by the Inter-Ministerial Coordination Committee on Refugees, Returnees and IDPs (IMCC), chaired by MoRR Minister Dr. Jamaher Anwari; the National IDP Task Force, co-chaired by MoRR and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); and an IDP Policy Working Group, chaired by MoRR Deputy Minister Dr. Abdul Samad Hami and assisted by the Head of MoRR’s Emergency Department, Meher Khuda Sabar. It was regularly attended by representatives of UNHCR, United Nations Office of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA), International Organization for Migration (IOM), Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), and attended on an ad hoc basis by others including the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR), the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS), the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA), and the Organization for Health Promotion and Management (OHPM). A two-day National Consultation in July 2012 launched the process. Upon the official request of the GoIRA, the consultation was attended by Mr. Chaloka Beyani, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of IDPs, who strongly endorsed the efforts of MoRR to develop a policy with broad-based participation of all stakeholders. In line with recommendations of the consultation that greater attention be paid to the views of provincial authorities, in September 2012, MoRR visited and held discussions with key stakeholders in Kabul, Balkh, Faryab, Kandahar, Herat, Paktya and Nangarhar provinces and in the capital. In October 2012, an IDP Advisor, Dr. Laurie S. Wiseberg, was seconded by ProCap (a UN interagency program) to UNHCR and MoRR, and began the serious work of supporting the drafting process. Meetings and consultations continued with the major stakeholders including IDPs and communities affected by displacement, main line ministries in Kabul, Provincial and district Governors, mayors and other local authorities, the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), Afghan civil society and NGOs, international humanitarian and development organizations and donors, and influential individuals including parliamentarians and academics. A range of coordination mechanisms, including IDP Task Forces and Protection Cluster working groups at both the national and provincial levels, and ACBAR (the Afghan NGO network) were also consulted. A draft of the policy – in both Dari and English – was widely circulated for comment in March and April 2013 when a second round of provincial consultations was undertaken, in Kabul, Logar, Herat, Balkh, Kandahar, and Nangahar. The draft was amended on the basis of these discussions and other comments received. On 22 May 2013, a second National Consultation was organized which endorsed the draft and recommended that it be sent to Cabinet for adoption.
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